Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It pidzame can be probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating several products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down pidzame the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time involved the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of brief dress leading above shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.