Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Company rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western entire world as sleeping attire for men right until the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of assorted lessons, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night apparel, and is also synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years pidžame ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient typically has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are often offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-very first century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by small children, these garments often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume top rated around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, specifically in the US where they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.